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DEAFBLINDNESS

Hearing the word deafblindness makes people think about someone who cannot hear or see at all. Indeed such cases exist, but they are rare.

Most people with deafblindness have a combination of visual and hearing impairments, with different degrees of manifestation.

Deafblindness is a multisensory impairment, most times associated with other types of deficiencies.

Deafblindness causes major difficulties in communication, access to information, orientation and mobility.

 

 

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Deafness as a multiple sensory deficiency.

 

 

Deafblindness may be congenital or acquired, the problems being complex in both cases. In case of congenital deafblindness, visual problems may occur at birth, while hearing problems may be noticed later in life.

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Studies around the world emphasise the existence of over 70 organic factors (diseases, syndromes etc), and additional external factors (accidents, trauma) which cause deafblindness.

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There is a large variety of communication methods in the case of deafblind people, according to the type of deafblindness: congenital or acquired

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Many deafblind people, especially those with congenital deafblindness, are unable to use a formal method of verbal communication, so they use non-verbal forms to relay information

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